Question: How Do You Write Vs In APA?

When should ampersand be used in APA?

Ampersands (&) should only be used in parenthetical in-text citations.

An ampersand separates the last and second to last author of a cited work..

What is APA example?

The structure of an APA reference is as follows: Book: Up to seven authors, last name first, then first name or initial, with an ampersand (&) to separate the final author (not the word “and”), followed by a period. (Year of publication in parentheses followed by a period).

Can you use VS in APA?

Exception: With legal citations use v. instead (with italics; see also Appendix 7.1, section A7. … abbreviation for ibidem, used in citations to refer again to the last source previously referenced — Not used in APA Style; instead give each citation using author names as usual.

What does an APA Style Citation look like?

When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

Where does an acronym list go in a document?

Where do you put the list of abbreviations? The list of abbreviations should appear at the beginning of the document, just after the table of contents. The list should also be included in your table of contents.

What mean et al?

“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al.

What is an APA citation example?

Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. … APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).

How Should et al be written?

In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Six or More Authors: Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.

What does APA citation stand for?

APA stands for the American Psychological Association. In this guide, you’ll find information related to “What is APA format?” in relation to writing and organizing your paper according to the American Psychological Association’s standards. Information on how to cite sources can be found on our APA citation page.

Can you start sentences with numbers?

Since you should never begin a sentence with a numeral, you should first try to reword the sentence. If you find it unwieldy to reorder your words, spell out the number: … Normally you shouldn’t mix words and numerals, but you can make an exception to avoid having a number at the start of a sentence.

How do you shorten an in text citation APA?

Depending on the number of authors a source has, an APA in-text citation is shortened by using “et al.” (meaning “and others”) after the first author’s name. Sources with 3–5 authors are written in full the first time and shortened from the second citation onwards.

How do you do APA referencing?

About APA Style The APA referencing style is an “author-date” style, so the citation in the text consists of the author(s) and the year of publication given wholly or partly in round brackets. Use only the surname of the author(s) followed by a comma and the year of publication.

Is there a comma before et al?

“Et al.” would not be followed by a first-person pronoun, because it refers to several people at once. Do I use a comma before et al. or after? A comma before “et al.” is sometimes used but is not necessary. Always put a period after “al” whether it ends a sentence or not.

What is APA writing style example?

APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.

How do you read et al?

“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.

Can I use et al in a greeting?

The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for “and others.” So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, … Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot.

Can you start a sentence with an acronym in APA?

Abbreviations. … Acronyms and abbreviations must be spelled out completely on initial appearance in text. Use only if abbreviation is conventional, is apt to be familiar, will save considerable space, and will prevent cumbersome repetition. Avoid beginning a sentence with an acronym or an abbreviation.